Thursday, January 20, 2011

Oracle Receivables Module Technical Details

Oracle Accounts Receivable uses the following tables for recording customer account information:

The major tables containing parties and customer accounts information in Oracle Receivables are grouped by business function.

Transaction Tables

A party is an entity that can enter into a business relationship.
This table stores basic information about parties, which is true regardless of this relationship to the deploying company. Entities are modeled only once in HZ_PARTIES, regardless of how many roles they play. For example, if an organization is a customer, a distributor, and a partner, there is still only one record for them in HZ_PARTIES.

Parties can be one of four types:
Organization - Oracle Corporation
Person - Jane Doe
Group – Doc Household
Relationship - Jane Doe at Oracle Corporation

A location is a point in geographical space described by an address and/or geographical Indicators such as latitude or longitude.
• This table stores information about an address such as: street address and postal code.
• This table provides physical location information about parties (organizations and people) and customer accounts.
• Records in HZ_LOCATIONS can store delivery and postal code information about a location, store latitude and longitude, and can be used to determine the appropriate calculations and tax rates for sales tax and VAT calculations.

This table links a party (HZ_PARTIES) and a location (HZ_LOCATIONS) and stores location-Specific party information such as a person’s mail stops at their work address.
• One party can point to one or more party sites.
• One location can point to one or more party site.
• Party sites serve as the intersection between parties and locations, allowing for a many-to-many relationship between the two.

This table stores information about relationships between two entities, for example, one party and another party.
• The SUBJECT_ID and OBJECT_ID columns specify the relationship that exists between two parties. For example, if the party relationship type is “Parent Of,” then a holding company could be the “SUBJECT_ID” in the relationship while one of its subsidiaries could be the OBJECT_ID. Creating a party contact causes a party relationship to be created.
• A party can have different relationships with one or more other parties that can change over time.

This table stores a variety of information about a party of type Organization.
• This table gets populated when a party of type ORGANIZATION is created.
• Historical data is also stored in this table.

This table stores a variety of information about a party of type Person.
• For example, this table could contain the correct spelling and phonetic pronunciation of the person’s name.
• Some information in this table may also be entered into the HZ_PARTIES table.

This table stores a variety of information about an organization contact.
• The records in this table provide information about a contact position such as job title, rank, and department.
• This table is not used to store information about a specific person or organization. For example, this table may include a record for the position of Vice President of Manufacturing that indicates that the contact is a senior executive, but it would not include the name of the person in that position.

This table stores information about customer/financial relationships established between a Party and the deploying company.
• Because a party can have multiple customer accounts, this table may contain several records for a single party. For example, an individual person may establish a personal account, a family account, and a professional account for a consulting practice.

This table stores information about customer/financial account sites information.
Stores information about customer sites. One customer account can have multiple sites.

This table stores information about the business purposes assigned to a customer account site.
• A customer account site can have multiple purposes, but each record in this table only specifies one purpose for a customer account site. For example, a customer account site may be assigned as a ship-to site in one record and as a bill-to site in another record.

This table stores information about a role or function that a party performs as related to a customer account. For example, Jane Doe might be the Legal Contact for a specific customer account of Corporation ABC. Note that account ownership such as financial responsibility for an account is determined by the single party ID that is stored directly on the HZ_CUST_ACCOUNTS table.

This table stores information about how to communicate with parties or party sites using electronic media or methods such as Electronic Data Interchange (EDI), e-mail, telephone, telex, and the Internet.
• Each medium or method should be stored as a separate method in this table. For example, the attributes of a complete telephone number connection should be stored in a record, while EDI information should be stored in a different record.

This table stores invoice, debit memo, commit-ment, chargeback, bills receivable, and credit memo header information.
• Each row includes general invoice information such as customer, transaction type, and printing instructions.
• You need one row for each invoice, debit memo, commitment, and credit memo you create in Oracle Receivables and these are all distinguished by their transaction types stored in RA_CUST_ TRX_ TYPES_ALL.

This table stores information about invoice, debit memo, credit memo, bills receivable, and commitment lines. It describes to the customer the charges that appear on these documents.

This table stores all transactions except adjust-ments and miscellaneous cash receipts. A miscellaneous cash receipt is one that is not connected to a customer.
• All customer-related activity is logged in this table.
• This table is updated when an activity occurs against an invoice, debit memo, chargeback, credit memo, on-account credit, bills receivable,
receipt, or commitments.

This table stores information about each transaction type for all classes of transactions, for example, invoices, commitments, and credit memos.
• Each row includes Auto Accounting information
as well as standard defaults for the resulting invoices. The primary key for this table is CUST_TRX_TYPE_ID.

This table is a Bills Receivable-specific table containing the history of a transaction’s lifecycle.
• A new row is created each time there is activity on the transaction or the status of the transaction has changed.
• This table stores the header for the Receivables posting information.

This table stores the accounting distributions for cash receipts, miscellaneous receipts, adjustments, credit memo applications, cash receipt applications, and bills receivable transactions.

This table stores one record for each receipt entry.
• All cash receipts are logged in this table.
• Oracle Receivables creates records concurrently in the AR_CASH _RECEIPT_ HISTORY_ ALL, AR_PAYMENT_ SCHEDULES_ ALL, AR_DISTRI-BUTIONS_ALL, and AR_ RECEIVABLE_ APPLICA-TIONS_ALL tables for invoice-related receipts.
• For receipts that are not related to invoices, records are created in the AR_MISC_CASH_ DISTRIBUTIONS_ALL table instead of the AR_RECEIVABLE_APPLICATIONS_ ALL table.

This table stores all of the activity that is contained for the life cycle of a receipt.
• Each row represents one step.
• The status field for that row tells you which step the receipt has reached.
• Possible statuses are Approved, Confirmed, Remitted, Cleared, and Reversed.

This table stores all accounting entries for cash and credit memo applications.
• Each row includes the amount applied, status, and accounting flex field information.

This table stores all accounting entries for miscellaneous cash applications.
• Miscellaneous cash cannot be invoiced, such as stock revenue, interest income, and investment income.
• AR_CASH_RECEIPTS_ALL stores one record for each payment, and this table stores one record for each distribution of the receipt.

This table stores the different receipt classes that you define.
• Receipt classes determine whether the receipt[s] belonging to this class are created manually or automatically, and whether the receipts go through the different steps in a receipt’s life-cycle.

This table stores information about Payment Methods, receipt attributes that you define and assign to Receipt Classes to account for receipts and their applications.
• For automatically created receipts, a Payment Method defines the rules for creating these receipts.
• For manually created receipts, a Payment Method defines a user-definable type for the receipt.
• Each Payment Method is associated with a set of bank accounts, which forms the set of bank accounts you can assign to your receipt.

This table stores information about the adjustment applied to the Invoices.

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